# Inductor Sizing Equation

Wheeler's formulas for inductance of air core coils which follow are useful for radio frequency inductors. The following formula for the inductance of a single layer air core solenoid coil is accurate to approximately 1% for 2r/l < 3. The thick coil formula is 1% accurate when the denominator terms are approximately equal. Wheeler's spiral formula is 1% accurate for c>0.2r. While this is a "round wire" formula, it may still be applicable to printed circuit spiral inductors at reduced accuracy.

The inductance in henries of a square printed circuit inductor is given by two formulas where p=q, and p≠q.

### Wire Sizing for Inductors

The wire table provides "turns per inch" for enamel magnet wire for use with the inductance formulas for coils. The circular-mil cross-section area determines current carrying capacity of wires.

**Lessons In Electric Circuits** copyright (C) 2000-2020 Tony R. Kuphaldt, under the terms and conditions of the *CC BY License**.*

**Lessons In Electric Circuits**

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Revised July 25, 2007

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