# Electronics Textbooks

## Fundamentals of Electrical Engineering I

### by Don Johnson | 7 Chapters

This textbook takes a look at the various aspects of electrical engineering through the lens of how things work together as a system. Topics include: signals and systems, analog signal processing, frequency domain topics, digital signal processing, and information communication.

## Fundamentals of Electrical Engineering I

### by Don Johnson | 7 Chapters

This textbook takes a look at the various aspects of electrical engineering through the lens of how things work together as a system. Topics include: signals and systems, analog signal processing, frequency domain topics, digital signal processing, and information communication.

- Chapter Introduction3.0
- Voltage, Current, and Generic Circuit Elements3.1
- Ideal Circuit Elements3.2
- Ideal and Real-World Circuit Elements3.3
- Electric Circuits and Interconnection Laws3.4
- Power Dissipation in Resistor Circuits3.5
- Series and Parallel Circuits3.6
- Equivalent Circuits: Resistors and Sources3.7
- Circuits with Capacitors and Inductors3.8
- The Impedance Concept3.9
- Time and Frequency Domains3.10
- Power in the Frequency Domain3.11
- Equivalent Circuits: Impedances and Sources3.12
- Transfer Functions3.13
- Designing Transfer Functions3.14
- Formal Circuit Methods: Node Method3.15
- Power Conservation in Circuits3.16
- Electronics3.17
- Dependent Sources3.18
- Operational Amplifiers3.19
- The Diode3.20
- Analog Signal Processing Problems3.21

- Chapter Introduction4.0
- Introduction to the Frequency Domain4.1
- Complex Fourier Series4.2
- Classic Fourier Series4.3
- A Signal's Spectrum4.4
- Fourier Series Approximation of Signals4.5
- Encoding Information in the Frequency Domain4.6
- Filtering Periodic Signals4.7
- Derivation of the Fourier Transform4.8
- Linear Time Invariant Systems4.9
- Modeling the Speech Signal4.10
- Frequency Domain Problems4.11

- Chapter Introduction5.0
- Introduction to Digital Signal Processing5.1
- Introduction to Computer Organization5.2
- The Sampling Theorem5.3
- Amplitude Quantization5.4
- Discrete-Time Signals and Systems5.5
- Discrete-Time Fourier Transform (DTFT)5.6
- Discrete Fourier Transforms (DFT)5.7
- DFT: Computational Complexity5.8
- Fast Fourier Transform (FFT)5.9
- Spectrograms5.10
- Discrete-Time Systems5.11
- Discrete-Time Systems in the Time-Domain5.12
- Discrete-Time Systems in the Frequency Domain5.13
- Filtering in the Frequency Domain5.14
- Efficiency of Frequency-Domain Filtering5.15
- Discrete-Time Filtering of Analog Signals5.16
- Digital Signal Processing Problems5.17

- Chapter Introduction6.0
- Introduction to Information Communication6.1
- Types of Communication Channels6.2
- Wireline Channels6.3
- Wireless Channels6.4
- Line-of-Sight Transmission6.5
- The Ionosphere and Communications6.6
- Communication with Satellites6.7
- Noise and Interference6.8
- Channel Models6.9
- Baseband Communication6.10
- Modulated Communication6.11
- Signal-to-Noise Ratio of an Amplitude-Modulated Signal6.12
- Digital Communication6.13
- Binary Phase Shift Keying6.14
- Frequency Shift Keying6.15
- Digital Communication Receivers6.16
- Digital Communication in the Presence of Noise6.17
- Digital Communication System Properties6.18
- Digital Channels6.19
- Entropy6.20
- Source Coding Theorem6.21
- Compression and the Huffman Code6.22
- Subtleties of Coding6.23
- Channel Coding6.24
- Repetition Codes6.25
- Block Channel Coding6.26
- Error-Correcting Codes: Hamming Distance6.27
- Error-Correcting Codes: Channel Decoding6.28
- Error-Correcting Codes: Hamming Codes6.29
- Noisy Channel Coding Theorem6.30
- Capacity of a Channel6.31
- Comparison of Analog and Digital Communication6.32
- Communication Networks6.33
- Message Routing6.34
- Network architectures and interconnection6.35
- Ethernet6.36
- Communication Protocols6.37
- Information Communication Problems6.38

## Electromagnetics I

### by Steven W. Ellingson | 10 Chapters

This book is intended to serve as a primary textbook for a one-semester introductory course in undergraduate engineering electromagnetics, including the following topics: electric and magnetic fields; electromagnetic properties of materials; electromagnetic waves; and devices that operate according to associated electromagnetic principles including resistors, capacitors, inductors, transformers, generators, and transmission lines. This book employs the “transmission lines first” approach, in which transmission lines are introduced using a lumped-element equivalent circuit model for a differential length of transmission line, leading to one-dimensional wave equations for voltage and current. This is sufficient to address transmission line concepts, including characteristic impedance, input impedance of terminated transmission lines, and impedance matching techniques. Attention then turns to electrostatics, magnetostatics, time-varying fields, and waves, in that order.

## Electromagnetics I

### by Steven W. Ellingson | 10 Chapters

This book is intended to serve as a primary textbook for a one-semester introductory course in undergraduate engineering electromagnetics, including the following topics: electric and magnetic fields; electromagnetic properties of materials; electromagnetic waves; and devices that operate according to associated electromagnetic principles including resistors, capacitors, inductors, transformers, generators, and transmission lines. This book employs the “transmission lines first” approach, in which transmission lines are introduced using a lumped-element equivalent circuit model for a differential length of transmission line, leading to one-dimensional wave equations for voltage and current. This is sufficient to address transmission line concepts, including characteristic impedance, input impedance of terminated transmission lines, and impedance matching techniques. Attention then turns to electrostatics, magnetostatics, time-varying fields, and waves, in that order.

- Chapter Introduction3.0
- Introduction to Transmission Lines3.1
- Types of Transmission Lines3.2
- Transmission Lines as Two-Port Devices3.3
- Lumped-Element Model3.4
- Telegrapher’s Equations3.5
- Wave Equation for a TEM Transmission Line3.6
- Characteristic Impedance3.7
- Wave Propagation on a TEM Transmission Line3.8
- Lossless and Low-Loss Transmission Lines3.9
- Coaxial Line3.10
- Microstrip Line3.11
- Voltage Reflection Coefficient3.12
- Standing Waves3.13
- Standing Wave Ratio3.14
- Input Impedance of a Terminated Lossless Transmission Line3.15
- Input Impedance for Open- and Short-Circuit Terminations3.16
- Applications of Open- and Short-Circuited Transmission Line Stubs3.17
- Measurement of Transmission Line Characteristics3.18
- Quarter-Wavelength Transmission Line3.19
- Power Flow on Transmission Lines3.20
- Impedance Matching - General Considerations3.21
- Single-Reactance Matching3.22
- Single-Stub Matching3.23

- Chapter Introduction5.0
- Coulomb’s Law5.1
- Electric Field Due to Point Charges5.2
- Charge Distributions5.3
- Electric Field Due to a Continuous Distribution of Charge5.4
- Gauss’ Law - Integral Form5.5
- Electric Field Due to an Infinite Line Charge using Gauss’ Law5.6
- Gauss’ Law - Differential Form5.7
- Force, Energy, and Potential Difference5.8
- Independence of Path5.9
- Kirchoff’s Voltage Law for Electrostatics - Integral Form5.10
- Kirchoff’s Voltage Law for Electrostatics - Differential Form5.11
- Electric Potential Field Due to Point Charges5.12
- Electric Potential Field due to a Continuous Distribution of Charge5.13
- Electric Field as the Gradient of Potential5.14
- Poisson’s and Laplace’s Equations5.15
- Potential Field Within a Parallel Plate Capacitor5.16
- Boundary Conditions on the Electric Field Intensity (E)5.17
- Boundary Conditions on the Electric Flux Density (D)5.18
- Charge and Electric Field for a Perfectly Conducting Region5.19
- Dielectric Media5.20
- Dielectric Breakdown5.21
- Capacitance5.22
- The Thin Parallel Plate Capacitor5.23
- Capacitance of a Coaxial Structure5.24
- Electrostatic Energy5.25

- Chapter Introduction7.0
- Comparison of Electrostatics and Magnetostatics7.1
- Gauss’ Law for Magnetic Fields: Integral Form7.2
- Gauss’ Law for Magnetism: Differential Form7.3
- Ampere’s Circuital Law (Magnetostatics): Integral Form7.4
- Magnetic Field of an Infinitely-Long Straight Current-Bearing Wire7.5
- Magnetic Field Inside a Straight Coil7.6
- Magnetic Field of a Toroidal Coil7.7
- Magnetic Field of an Infinite Current Sheet7.8
- Ampere’s Law (Magnetostatics): Differential Form7.9
- Boundary Conditions on the Magnetic Flux Density (B)7.10
- Boundary Conditions on the Magnetic Field Intensity (H)7.11
- Inductance7.12
- Inductance of a Straight Coil7.13
- Inductance of a Coaxial Structure7.14
- Magnetic Energy7.15
- Magnetic Materials7.16

- Chapter Introduction8.0
- Comparison of Static and Time-Varying Electromagnetics8.1
- Electromagnetic Induction8.2
- Faraday’s Law8.3
- Induction in a Motionless Loop8.4
- Transformers - Principle of Operation8.5
- Transformers as Two-Port Devices8.6
- The Electric Generator8.7
- The Maxwell-Faraday Equation8.8
- Displacement Current and Ampere’s Law8.9

## Introduction to Electricity, Magnetism, and Circuits

### by Daryl Janzen | 14 Chapters

This textbook emphasizes connections between theory and application, making physics concepts interesting and accessible to students while maintaining the mathematical rigour inherent in the subject. Frequent, strong examples focus on how to approach a problem, how to work with the equations, and how to check and generalize the result.

## Introduction to Electricity, Magnetism, and Circuits

### by Daryl Janzen | 14 Chapters

This textbook emphasizes connections between theory and application, making physics concepts interesting and accessible to students while maintaining the mathematical rigour inherent in the subject. Frequent, strong examples focus on how to approach a problem, how to work with the equations, and how to check and generalize the result.

- Chapter Introduction8.0
- Magnetism and Its Historical Discoveries8.1
- Magnetic Fields and Lines8.2
- Motion of a Charged Particle in a Magnetic Field8.3
- Magnetic Force on a Current-Carrying Conductor8.4
- Force and Torque on a Current Loop8.5
- The Hall Effect8.6
- Applications of Magnetic Forces and Fields8.7
- Chapter 8 Review8.8

## Lessons in Electric Circuits: Volume I - DC

### by Tony R. Kuphaldt | 19 Chapters

**A free series of textbooks on the subjects of electricity and electronics.**

These books and all related files are published under the terms and conditions of the Design Science License. These terms and conditions allow for free copying, distribution, and/or modification of this document by the general public.

## Lessons in Electric Circuits: Volume I - DC

### by Tony R. Kuphaldt | 19 Chapters

**A free series of textbooks on the subjects of electricity and electronics.**

These books and all related files are published under the terms and conditions of the Design Science License. These terms and conditions allow for free copying, distribution, and/or modification of this document by the general public.

- Chapter Introduction3.0
- The Importance of Electrical Safety3.1
- Physiological Effects of Electricity3.2
- Shock Current Path3.3
- Ohm's Law (Again!)3.4
- Safe Practices3.5
- Emergency Response3.6
- Common Sources of Hazard3.7
- Safe Circuit Design3.8
- Safe Meter Usage3.9
- Electric Shock Data3.10
- Contributors3.11
- Bibliography - Chapter 3.123.12

- Chapter Introduction8.0
- What is a Meter?8.1
- Voltmeter Design8.2
- Voltmeter Impact on Measured Circuit8.3
- Ammeter Design8.4
- Ammeter Impact on Measured Circuit8.5
- Ohmmeter Design8.6
- High Voltage Ohmmeters8.7
- Multimeters8.8
- Kelvin (4-wire) Resistance Measurement8.9
- Bridge Circuits8.10
- Wattmeter Design8.11
- Creating Custom Calibration Resistances8.12
- Contributors8.13

- Chapter Introduction10.0
- What is Network Analysis?10.1
- Branch Current Method10.2
- Mesh Current Method10.3
- Node Voltage Method10.4
- Introduction to Network Theorems10.5
- Millman's Theorem10.6
- Superposition Theorem10.7
- Thevenin's Theorem10.8
- Norton's Theorem10.9
- Thevenin-Norton Equivalencies10.10
- Millman's Theorem Revisited10.11
- Maximum Power Transfer Theorem10.12
- Δ-Y and Y-Δ Conversions10.13
- Contributors10.14
- Bibliography10.15

## Lessons in Electric Circuits: Volume II - AC

### by Tony R. Kuphaldt | 7 Chapters

**A free series of textbooks on the subjects of electricity and electronics.**

These books and all related files are published under the terms and conditions of the Design Science License. These terms and conditions allow for free copying, distribution, and/or modification of this document by the general public.

## Lessons in Electric Circuits: Volume II - AC

### by Tony R. Kuphaldt | 7 Chapters

**A free series of textbooks on the subjects of electricity and electronics.**

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