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Electronics Reference

Bipolar Junction Transistors (DC Analysis)

Bipolar Junction Transistor (BJT)

DC Currentslatex!encoded:base64,XHRleHRybXtJfV9cdGV4dHJte0V9PVx0ZXh0cm17SX1fXHRleHRybXtDfStcdGV4dHJte0l9X1x0ZXh0cm17Qn0=
Common-Base Amplification Factor (Alpha, α)latex!encoded:base64,XGFscGhhX3tcdGV4dHJte2RjfX09XGZyYWN7XHRleHRybXtJfV9cdGV4dHJte0N9fXtcdGV4dHJte0l9X1x0ZXh0cm17RX19PVxmcmFje1xiZXRhIH17XGJldGEgKzF9
Common-Emitter Forward Current Amplification Factor (Beta, β)latex!encoded:base64,XGJldGFfe1x0ZXh0cm17ZGN9fSA9XGZyYWN7XHRleHRybXtJfV9cdGV4dHJte0N9fXtcdGV4dHJte0l9X1x0ZXh0cm17Qn19PVxmcmFje1xhbHBoYSB9ezEtXGFscGhhIH0=
Collector Currentlatex!encoded:base64,XHRleHRybXtJfV9cdGV4dHJte0N9PVxiZXRhIFx0ZXh0cm17SX1fXHRleHRybXtCfQ==
Emitter Currentlatex!encoded:base64,XHRleHRybXtJfV9cdGV4dHJte0V9PShcYmV0YSArMSlcdGV4dHJte0l9X1x0ZXh0cm17Qn0=
Collector Maximum Power Dissipationlatex!encoded:base64,XHRleHRybXtQfV97XHRleHRybXtDfV97XHRleHRybXtNQVh9fX09XHRleHRybXtWfV97XHRleHRybXtDRX19XHRleHRybXtJfV9cdGV4dHJte0N9
 > Bipolar Junction Transistor (BJT)

Fixed-Bias Configuration

Base to Emitter Voltagelatex!encoded:base64,XHRleHRybXtWfV97XHRleHRybXtCRX19XGNvbmcgMC43XHRleHRybXtWfQ==
Base Currentlatex!encoded:base64,XHRleHRybXtJfV9cdGV4dHJte0J9PVxmcmFje1x0ZXh0cm17Vn1fe1x0ZXh0cm17Q0N9fS1cdGV4dHJte1Z9X3tcdGV4dHJte0JFfX19e1x0ZXh0cm17Un1fXHRleHRybXtCfX0=
Collector Currentlatex!encoded:base64,XHRleHRybXtJfV9cdGV4dHJte0N9PVxiZXRhXHRleHRybXtJfV9cdGV4dHJte0J9
Collector to Emitter Voltagelatex!encoded:base64,XHRleHRybXtWfV97XHRleHRybXtDRX19PVx0ZXh0cm17Vn1fe1x0ZXh0cm17Q0N9fS1cdGV4dHJte0l9X1x0ZXh0cm17Q31cdGV4dHJte1J9X1x0ZXh0cm17Q30=
Saturation Currentlatex!encoded:base64,XHRleHRybXtJfV9cdGV4dHJte0N9X3tcdGV4dHJte3NhdH19PVxmcmFje1x0ZXh0cm17Vn1fe1x0ZXh0cm17Q0N9fX17XHRleHRybXtSfV9cdGV4dHJte0N9fQ==
 > Fixed-Bias Configuration

Emitter-Bias Configuration

Base to Emitter Voltage
latex!encoded:base64,XHRleHRybXtWfV97XHRleHRybXtCRX19XGNvbmcgMC43XHRleHRybXtWfQ==
Base Currentlatex!encoded:base64,XHRleHRybXtJfV9cdGV4dHJte0J9PVxmcmFje1x0ZXh0cm17Vn1fe1x0ZXh0cm17Q0N9fS1cdGV4dHJte1Z9X3tcdGV4dHJte0JFfX19e1x0ZXh0cm17Un1fXHRleHRybXtCfSsoXGJldGEgKzEpXHRleHRybXtSfV9cdGV4dHJte0V9fQ==
Collector to Emitter Voltagelatex!encoded:base64,XHRleHRybXtWfV97XHRleHRybXtDRX19PVx0ZXh0cm17Vn1fe1x0ZXh0cm17Q0N9fS1cdGV4dHJte0l9X1x0ZXh0cm17Q30oXHRleHRybXtSfV9cdGV4dHJte0N9K1x0ZXh0cm17Un1fXHRleHRybXtFfSk=
Saturation Currentlatex!encoded:base64,XHRleHRybXtJfV9cdGV4dHJte0N9X3tcdGV4dHJte3NhdH19PVxmcmFje1x0ZXh0cm17Vn1fe1x0ZXh0cm17Q0N9fX17XHRleHRybXtSfV9cdGV4dHJte0N9K1x0ZXh0cm17Un1fXHRleHRybXtFfX0=
 > Emitter-Bias Configuration

Voltage-Divider Bias Configuration

Exact Analysis:

Base to Emitter Voltagelatex!encoded:base64,XHRleHRybXtWfV97XHRleHRybXtCRX19XGNvbmcgMC43XHRleHRybXtWfQ==
Thévenin Equivalent Network Resistorlatex!encoded:base64,XHRleHRybXtSfV97XHRleHRybXtUaH19PVxmcmFje1x0ZXh0cm17Un1fMVx0ZXh0cm17Un1fMn17XHRleHRybXtSfV8xK1x0ZXh0cm17Un1fMn0=
Thévenin Equivalent Network Voltage
latex!encoded:base64,XHRleHRybXtFfV97XHRleHRybXtUaH19PVx0ZXh0cm17Vn1fe1x0ZXh0cm17Un1fezJ9fT1cbGVmdCAoIFxmcmFje1x0ZXh0cm17Un1fMn17XHRleHRybXtSfV8xK1x0ZXh0cm17Un1fMn0gXHJpZ2h0IClcdGV4dHJte1Z9X3tcdGV4dHJte0NDfX0=
Base Currentlatex!encoded:base64,XHRleHRybXtJfV9cdGV4dHJte0J9PVxmcmFje1x0ZXh0cm17RX1fe1x0ZXh0cm17VGh9fS1cdGV4dHJte1Z9X3tcdGV4dHJte0JFfX19e1x0ZXh0cm17Un1fXHRleHRybXtUaH0rKFxiZXRhICsxKVx0ZXh0cm17Un1fXHRleHRybXtFfX0=
Collector Currentlatex!encoded:base64,XHRleHRybXtJfV9cdGV4dHJte0N9PVxiZXRhXHRleHRybXtJfV9cdGV4dHJte0J9
Emitter Currentlatex!encoded:base64,XHRleHRybXtJfV9cdGV4dHJte0V9PShcYmV0YSArMSlcdGV4dHJte0l9X1x0ZXh0cm17Qn0=
Collector to Emitter Voltagelatex!encoded:base64,XHRleHRybXtWfV97XHRleHRybXtDRX19PVx0ZXh0cm17Vn1fe1x0ZXh0cm17Q0N9fS1cdGV4dHJte0l9X1x0ZXh0cm17Q30oXHRleHRybXtSfV9cdGV4dHJte0N9K1x0ZXh0cm17Un1fXHRleHRybXtFfSk=
Saturation Currentlatex!encoded:base64,XHRleHRybXtJfV9cdGV4dHJte0N9X3tcdGV4dHJte3NhdH19PVxmcmFje1x0ZXh0cm17Vn1fe1x0ZXh0cm17Q0N9fX17XHRleHRybXtSfV9cdGV4dHJte0N9K1x0ZXh0cm17Un1fXHRleHRybXtFfX0=

Approximate Analysis: 

Base to Emitter Voltagelatex!encoded:base64,XHRleHRybXtWfV97XHRleHRybXtCRX19XGNvbmcgMC43XHRleHRybXtWfQ==
Approximationlatex!encoded:base64,XGJldGEgXHRleHRybXtSfV97XHRleHRybXtFfX1cZ2VxIDEwXHRleHRybXtSfV97Mn0=
Base Terminal Voltagelatex!encoded:base64,XHRleHRybXtWfV9cdGV4dHJte0J9PVxsZWZ0ICggXGZyYWN7XHRleHRybXtSfV8yfXtcdGV4dHJte1J9XzErXHRleHRybXtSfV8yfSBccmlnaHQgKVx0ZXh0cm17Vn1fe1x0ZXh0cm17Q0N9fQ==
Emitter Terminal Voltagelatex!encoded:base64,XHRleHRybXtWfV9cdGV4dHJte0V9PVx0ZXh0cm17Vn1fXHRleHRybXtCfS1cdGV4dHJte1Z9X1x0ZXh0cm17QkV9
Emitter Currentlatex!encoded:base64,XHRleHRybXtJfV9cdGV4dHJte0V9PVxmcmFje1x0ZXh0cm17Vn1fXHRleHRybXtFfX17XHRleHRybXtSfV9cdGV4dHJte0V9fQ==
Base Currentlatex!encoded:base64,XHRleHRybXtJfV9cdGV4dHJte0J9PVxmcmFje1x0ZXh0cm17SX1fXHRleHRybXtFfX17XGJldGEgKzF9
Collector to Emitter Voltage
latex!encoded:base64,XHRleHRybXtWfV97XHRleHRybXtDRX19PVx0ZXh0cm17Vn1fe1x0ZXh0cm17Q0N9fS1cdGV4dHJte0l9X1x0ZXh0cm17Q30oXHRleHRybXtSfV9cdGV4dHJte0N9K1x0ZXh0cm17Un1fXHRleHRybXtFfSk=
Saturation Current
latex!encoded:base64,XHRleHRybXtJfV9cdGV4dHJte0N9X3tcdGV4dHJte3NhdH19PVxmcmFje1x0ZXh0cm17Vn1fe1x0ZXh0cm17Q0N9fX17XHRleHRybXtSfV9cdGV4dHJte0N9K1x0ZXh0cm17Un1fXHRleHRybXtFfX0=
 > Voltage-Divider Bias Configuration

Collector Feedback Configuration

Base to Emitter Voltagelatex!encoded:base64,XHRleHRybXtWfV97XHRleHRybXtCRX19XGNvbmcgMC43XHRleHRybXtWfQ==
Base Currentlatex!encoded:base64,XHRleHRybXtJfV9cdGV4dHJte0J9PVxmcmFje1x0ZXh0cm17Vn1fe1x0ZXh0cm17Q0N9fS1cdGV4dHJte1Z9X3tcdGV4dHJte0JFfX19e1x0ZXh0cm17Un1fXHRleHRybXtGfStcYmV0YSAoXHRleHRybXtSfV9cdGV4dHJte0N9K1x0ZXh0cm17Un1fXHRleHRybXtFfSl9
Collector Currentlatex!encoded:base64,XHRleHRybXtJfV9cdGV4dHJte0N9PVxiZXRhXHRleHRybXtJfV9cdGV4dHJte0J9
Emitter Currentlatex!encoded:base64,XHRleHRybXtJfV9cdGV4dHJte0V9PShcYmV0YSArMSlcdGV4dHJte0l9X1x0ZXh0cm17Qn0=
Collector to Emitter Voltagelatex!encoded:base64,XHRleHRybXtWfV97XHRleHRybXtDRX19PVx0ZXh0cm17Vn1fe1x0ZXh0cm17Q0N9fS1cdGV4dHJte0l9X1x0ZXh0cm17Q30oXHRleHRybXtSfV9cdGV4dHJte0N9K1x0ZXh0cm17Un1fXHRleHRybXtFfSk=
 > Collector Feedback Configuration

Emitter Follower Configuration

Base to Emitter Voltage
latex!encoded:base64,XHRleHRybXtWfV97XHRleHRybXtCRX19XGNvbmcgMC43XHRleHRybXtWfQ==
Base Currentlatex!encoded:base64,XHRleHRybXtJfV9cdGV4dHJte0J9PVxmcmFje1x0ZXh0cm17Vn1fe1x0ZXh0cm17RUV9fS1cdGV4dHJte1Z9X3tcdGV4dHJte0JFfX19e1x0ZXh0cm17Un1fXHRleHRybXtCfSsoXGJldGEgKzEpXHRleHRybXtSfV9cdGV4dHJte0V9fQ==
Collector Currentlatex!encoded:base64,XHRleHRybXtJfV9cdGV4dHJte0N9PVxiZXRhXHRleHRybXtJfV9cdGV4dHJte0J9
Emitter Currentlatex!encoded:base64,XHRleHRybXtJfV9cdGV4dHJte0V9PShcYmV0YSArMSlcdGV4dHJte0l9X1x0ZXh0cm17Qn0=
Collector to Emitter Voltagelatex!encoded:base64,XHRleHRybXtWfV97XHRleHRybXtDRX19PVx0ZXh0cm17Vn1fe1x0ZXh0cm17RUV9fS1cdGV4dHJte0l9X1x0ZXh0cm17RX1cdGV4dHJte1J9X1x0ZXh0cm17RX0=
 > Emitter Follower Configuration

Common-Base Configuration

Base to Emitter Voltage
latex!encoded:base64,XHRleHRybXtWfV97XHRleHRybXtCRX19XGNvbmcgMC43XHRleHRybXtWfQ==
Emitter Currentlatex!encoded:base64,XHRleHRybXtJfV9cdGV4dHJte0V9PVxmcmFje1x0ZXh0cm17Vn1fXHRleHRybXtFRX0tXHRleHRybXtWfV97XHRleHRybXtCRX19fXtcdGV4dHJte1J9X1x0ZXh0cm17RX19
Base Currentlatex!encoded:base64,XHRleHRybXtJfV9cdGV4dHJte0J9PVxmcmFje1x0ZXh0cm17SX1fXHRleHRybXtFfX17XGJldGEgKzF9
Collector Currentlatex!encoded:base64,XHRleHRybXtJfV9cdGV4dHJte0N9PVxiZXRhXHRleHRybXtJfV9cdGV4dHJte0J9
Collector to Emitter Voltagelatex!encoded:base64,XHRleHRybXtWfV97XHRleHRybXtDRX19PVx0ZXh0cm17Vn1fe1x0ZXh0cm17RUV9fStcdGV4dHJte1Z9X3tcdGV4dHJte0NDfX0tXHRleHRybXtJfV9cdGV4dHJte0V9KFx0ZXh0cm17Un1fXHRleHRybXtDfStcdGV4dHJte1J9X1x0ZXh0cm17RX0p
Collector to Base Voltagelatex!encoded:base64,XHRleHRybXtWfV97XHRleHRybXtDQn19PVx0ZXh0cm17Vn1fe1x0ZXh0cm17Q0N9fS1cdGV4dHJte0l9X1x0ZXh0cm17Q31cdGV4dHJte1J9X1x0ZXh0cm17Q30=
 > Common-Base Configuration

Darlington Configuration

Net Betalatex!encoded:base64,XGJldGFfXHRleHRybXtEfSA9IFxiZXRhXzEgXGJldGFfMg==
Base to Emitter Voltageslatex!encoded:base64,XHRleHRybXtWfV97XHRleHRybXtCRX1fMX0gXGNvbmcgXHRleHRybXtWfV97XHRleHRybXtCRX1fMn0gXGNvbmcgMC43XHRleHRybXtWfQ==
Net Base to Emitter Voltage
latex!encoded:base64,XHRleHRybXtWfV97XHRleHRybXtCRX1fXHRleHRybXtEfX0gPSBcdGV4dHJte1Z9X3tcdGV4dHJte0JFfV8xfStcdGV4dHJte1Z9X3tcdGV4dHJte0JFfV8yfQ==
Base Current (First Transistor)latex!encoded:base64,XHRleHRybXtJfV97XHRleHRybXtCfV8xfSA9IFxmcmFje1x0ZXh0cm17Vn1fe1x0ZXh0cm17Q0N9fS1cdGV4dHJte1Z9X3tcdGV4dHJte0JFfV9cdGV4dHJte0R9fX17XHRleHRybXtSfV9cdGV4dHJte0J9KyhcYmV0YV9cdGV4dHJte0R9ICsxKVx0ZXh0cm17Un1fXHRleHRybXtFfX0=
Emitter Current (Second Transistor)latex!encoded:base64,XHRleHRybXtJfV97XHRleHRybXtFfV8yfSA9IFxiZXRhX1x0ZXh0cm17RH1cdGV4dHJte0l9X3tcdGV4dHJte0J9XzF9IFxjb25nIFx0ZXh0cm17SX1fe1x0ZXh0cm17Q31fMn0=
Emitter Terminal Voltage (Second Transistor)latex!encoded:base64,XHRleHRybXtWfV97XHRleHRybXtFfV8yfSA9IFx0ZXh0cm17SX1fe1x0ZXh0cm17RX1fMn1cdGV4dHJte1J9X3tcdGV4dHJte0V9fQ==
Collector Voltage (Second Transistor)latex!encoded:base64,XHRleHRybXtWfV97XHRleHRybXtDfV8yfSA9IFx0ZXh0cm17Vn1fe1x0ZXh0cm17Q0N9fQ==
Collector to Emitter Voltage (Second Transistor)
latex!encoded:base64,XHRleHRybXtWfV97XHRleHRybXtDRX1fMn0gPSBcdGV4dHJte1Z9X3tcdGV4dHJte0NDfX0tXHRleHRybXtWfV97XHRleHRybXtFfV8yfQ==
 > Darlington Configuration

Cascode Configuration

Base Terminal Voltage (First Transistor)latex!encoded:base64,XHRleHRybXtWfV97XHRleHRybXtCfV8xfT1cbGVmdCAoIFxmcmFje1x0ZXh0cm17Un1fM317XHRleHRybXtSfV8xK1x0ZXh0cm17Un1fMitcdGV4dHJte1J9XzN9IFxyaWdodCApIFx0ZXh0cm17Vn1fe1x0ZXh0cm17Q0N9fQ==
Base Terminal Voltage (Second Transistor)latex!encoded:base64,XHRleHRybXtWfV97XHRleHRybXtCfV8yfT1cbGVmdCAoIFxmcmFje1x0ZXh0cm17Un1fMytcdGV4dHJte1J9XzN9e1x0ZXh0cm17Un1fMStcdGV4dHJte1J9XzIrXHRleHRybXtSfV8zfSBccmlnaHQgKSBcdGV4dHJte1Z9X3tcdGV4dHJte0NDfX0=
Base to Emitter Voltageslatex!encoded:base64,XHRleHRybXtWfV97XHRleHRybXtCRX1fMX0gXGNvbmcgXHRleHRybXtWfV97XHRleHRybXtCRX1fMn0gXGNvbmcgMC43XHRleHRybXtWfQ==
Emitter Terminal Voltage (First Transistor)latex!encoded:base64,XHRleHRybXtWfV97XHRleHRybXtFfV8xfT1cdGV4dHJte1Z9X3tcdGV4dHJte0J9XzF9LVx0ZXh0cm17Vn1fe1x0ZXh0cm17QkV9XzF9
Emitter Terminal Voltage (Second Transistor)latex!encoded:base64,XHRleHRybXtWfV97XHRleHRybXtFfV8yfT1cdGV4dHJte1Z9X3tcdGV4dHJte0J9XzJ9LVx0ZXh0cm17Vn1fe1x0ZXh0cm17QkV9XzJ9
Emitter and Collector Currentslatex!encoded:base64,XHRleHRybXtJfV97XHRleHRybXtDfV8yfSBcY29uZyBcdGV4dHJte0l9X3tcdGV4dHJte0V9XzJ9IFxjb25nIFx0ZXh0cm17SX1fe1x0ZXh0cm17Q31fMX0gXGNvbmcgXHRleHRybXtJfV97XHRleHRybXtFfV8xfT1cZnJhY3tcdGV4dHJte1Z9X3tcdGV4dHJte0J9XzF9LVx0ZXh0cm17Vn1fe1x0ZXh0cm17QkV9XzF9fXtcdGV4dHJte1J9X3tcdGV4dHJte0V9XzF9K1x0ZXh0cm17Un1fe1x0ZXh0cm17RX1fMn19
Collector Terminal Voltage (First Transistor)latex!encoded:base64,XHRleHRybXtWfV97XHRleHRybXtDfV8xfT1cdGV4dHJte1Z9X3tcdGV4dHJte0J9XzJ9LVx0ZXh0cm17Vn1fe1x0ZXh0cm17QkV9XzJ9
Collector Terminal Voltage (Second Transistor)latex!encoded:base64,XHRleHRybXtWfV97XHRleHRybXtDfV8yfT1cdGV4dHJte1Z9X3tcdGV4dHJte0NDfX0tXHRleHRybXtJfV97XHRleHRybXtDfV8yfSBcdGV4dHJte1J9X3tcdGV4dHJte0N9fQ==
Biasing Resistors Currentslatex!encoded:base64,XHRleHRybXtJfV97XHRleHRybXtSfV8xfVxjb25nIFx0ZXh0cm17SX1fe1x0ZXh0cm17Un1fMn1cY29uZyBcdGV4dHJte0l9X3tcdGV4dHJte1J9XzN9ID0gXGZyYWN7XHRleHRybXtWfV9cdGV4dHJte0NDfX17XHRleHRybXtSfV8xK1x0ZXh0cm17Un1fMitcdGV4dHJte1J9XzN9
Base Current (First Transistor)latex!encoded:base64,XHRleHRybXtJfV97XHRleHRybXtCfV8xfT1cZnJhY3tcdGV4dHJte0l9X3tcdGV4dHJte0N9XzF9fXtcYmV0YV8xfQ==
Base Current (Second Transistor)latex!encoded:base64,XHRleHRybXtJfV97XHRleHRybXtCfV8yfT1cZnJhY3tcdGV4dHJte0l9X3tcdGV4dHJte0N9XzJ9fXtcYmV0YV8yfQ==
 > Cascode Configuration

Feedback Pair Configuration

Collector Currentlatex!encoded:base64,XHRleHRybXtJfV97XHRleHRybXtDfX1cY29uZyBcYmV0YV8xXGJldGFfMlx0ZXh0cm17SX1fe1x0ZXh0cm17Qn1fMX0=
Emitter to Base Voltage (First Transistor)latex!encoded:base64,XHRleHRybXtWfV97XHRleHRybXtFQn1fMX0gXGNvbmcgLTAuN1x0ZXh0cm17Vn0=
Base Current (First Transistor)latex!encoded:base64,XHRleHRybXtJfV97XHRleHRybXtCfV8xfSA9IFxmcmFje1x0ZXh0cm17Vn1fe1x0ZXh0cm17Q0N9fS1cdGV4dHJte1Z9X3tcdGV4dHJte0VCfV8xfX17XHRleHRybXtSfV9cdGV4dHJte0J9K1xiZXRhXzEgXGJldGEgXzJcdGV4dHJte1J9X1x0ZXh0cm17Q319
Base Terminal Voltage (First Transistor)
latex!encoded:base64,XHRleHRybXtWfV97XHRleHRybXtCfV8xfT1cdGV4dHJte0l9X3tcdGV4dHJte0J9XzF9XHRleHRybXtSfV97XHRleHRybXtCfQ==
Base Terminal Voltage (Second Transistor)latex!encoded:base64,XHRleHRybXtWfV97XHRleHRybXtCfV8yfT1cdGV4dHJte1Z9X3tcdGV4dHJte0JFfV8yfQ==
Collector Terminal Voltage (First Transistor)latex!encoded:base64,XHRleHRybXtWfV97XHRleHRybXtDfV8xfT1cdGV4dHJte1Z9X3tcdGV4dHJte0JFfV8yfQ==
Collector Terminal Voltage (Second Transistor)latex!encoded:base64,XHRleHRybXtWfV97XHRleHRybXtDfV8yfT1cdGV4dHJte1Z9X3tcdGV4dHJte0NDfX0tXHRleHRybXtJfV97XHRleHRybXtDfX1cdGV4dHJte1J9X3tcdGV4dHJte0N9fQ==
Collector to Emitter Voltage (Second Transistor)latex!encoded:base64,XHRleHRybXtWfV97XHRleHRybXtDRX1fMn09XHRleHRybXtWfV97XHRleHRybXtDfV8yfQ==
Emitter to Collector Voltage (First Transistor)latex!encoded:base64,XHRleHRybXtWfV97XHRleHRybXtFQ31fMX09XHRleHRybXtWfV97XHRleHRybXtDfV8yfS1cdGV4dHJte1Z9X3tcdGV4dHJte0JFfV8yfQ==
 > Feedback Pair Configuration

Direct Coupled Configuration

Base to Emitter Voltagelatex!encoded:base64,XHRleHRybXtWfV97XHRleHRybXtCRX19XGNvbmcgMC43XHRleHRybXtWfQ==
Thévenin Equivalent Network Resistorlatex!encoded:base64,XHRleHRybXtSfV97XHRleHRybXtUaH19PVxmcmFje1x0ZXh0cm17Un1fMVx0ZXh0cm17Un1fMn17XHRleHRybXtSfV8xK1x0ZXh0cm17Un1fMn0=
Thévenin Equivalent Network Voltage
latex!encoded:base64,XHRleHRybXtFfV97XHRleHRybXtUaH19PVx0ZXh0cm17Vn1fe1x0ZXh0cm17Un1fezJ9fT1cbGVmdCAoIFxmcmFje1x0ZXh0cm17Un1fMn17XHRleHRybXtSfV8xK1x0ZXh0cm17Un1fMn0gXHJpZ2h0IClcdGV4dHJte1Z9X3tcdGV4dHJte0NDfX0=
Base Current (First Transistor)latex!encoded:base64,XHRleHRybXtJfV97XHRleHRybXtCfV8xfT1cZnJhY3tcdGV4dHJte0V9X3tcdGV4dHJte1RofX0tXHRleHRybXtWfV97XHRleHRybXtCRX19fXtcdGV4dHJte1J9X1x0ZXh0cm17VGh9KyhcYmV0YSArMSlcdGV4dHJte1J9X3tcdGV4dHJte0V9XzF9fQ==
Collector Current (First Transistor)latex!encoded:base64,XHRleHRybXtJfV97XHRleHRybXtDfV8xfT1cYmV0YVx0ZXh0cm17SX1fe1x0ZXh0cm17Qn1fMX0=
Base Terminal Voltage (Second Transistor)latex!encoded:base64,XHRleHRybXtWfV97XHRleHRybXtCfV8yfT1cdGV4dHJte1Z9X3tcdGV4dHJte0NDfX0tXHRleHRybXtJfV97XHRleHRybXtDfV8xfVx0ZXh0cm17Un1fe1x0ZXh0cm17Q319
Emitter Terminal Voltage (Second Transistor)latex!encoded:base64,XHRleHRybXtWfV97XHRleHRybXtFfV8yfT1cdGV4dHJte1Z9X3tcdGV4dHJte0J9XzJ9LVx0ZXh0cm17Vn1fe1x0ZXh0cm17QkV9XzJ9
Emitter Current (Second Transistor)latex!encoded:base64,XHRleHRybXtJfV97XHRleHRybXtFfV8yfT1cZnJhY3tcdGV4dHJte1Z9X3tcdGV4dHJte0V9XzJ9fXtcdGV4dHJte1J9X3tcdGV4dHJte0V9XzJ9fQ==
Collector to Emitter Voltage (Second Transistor)latex!encoded:base64,XHRleHRybXtWfV97XHRleHRybXtDRX1fMn09XHRleHRybXtWfV97XHRleHRybXtDfV8yfS1cdGV4dHJte1Z9X3tcdGV4dHJte0V9XzJ9PVx0ZXh0cm17Vn1fe1x0ZXh0cm17Q0N9fS1cdGV4dHJte1Z9X3tcdGV4dHJte0V9XzJ9
 > Direct Coupled Configuration
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